Commentary:  To Turn Around, You Have to Change Direction (January, 2018)

By Rob RoperRob Roper

We have some pretty serious issues facing our state: a shrinking workforce, a public school system that is hemorrhaging students while it vacuums money, and a structural state budget deficit, to name just a few. These problems are not new, and the policies our state government has enacted to address them have not worked. Vermonters are now among the most highly taxed people in the country, but what do we have to show for it?

Today we spend roughly $1.6 billion to educate 77,000 K through 12 students. That’s well over $20,000 per child, more than almost every other state in the union and nearly twice the national average. This is more than twice the total we paid before Act 60 became law in 1997, despite serving 30,000 fewer kids in 2017.

Student outcomes are not improving, and, if anything, they are declining. In the latest round of standardized tests, only 48 percent of Vermont’s students were learning enough to be considered proficient in their subjects. In every category in every grade but one, scores fell between 2016 and 2017.

This, despite programs mandating and expanding universal pre-K, “proficiency based” learning, and spending $31 million to incent school districts to consolidate in order to, no joke, save money. If nothing dramatically different is done in the next few weeks, we are looking at a 9 percent property tax increase.

Vermont has implemented many wealth redistribution programs to ostensibly help the poor. We have the most progressive income tax in the nation as well as the most progressive property tax system. Vermont spends more money per capita than all but just five other states. A single-parent family of three in Vermont receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) that is 51 percent higher than the national average. Roughly 35 percent of Vermonters receive some form of Medicaid. Our $10.50 state minimum wage is already in the top five highest in the country, and a 2013 study by the Cato Institute calculated a typical welfare benefit package family was worth $37,705, or the equivalent of a pre-tax wage of $42,350. This puts us in the top 10 “most generous” suppliers of welfare.

But despite all this, Vermont was the only state in 2016 to see a rise in the number of citizens living in poverty, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. According to the Vermont Foodbank, 83,630 Vermonters are “food insecure,” including 24,530 children. The Public Assets Institute recently reported, “Income inequality is getting worse — most Vermonters are not sharing in economic growth.”

Vermont is a wonderful place to live. But despite everything our state has to offer in terms of scenic landscapes, clean air, healthy and safe surroundings, etc., ours is one of only three states since 2010 to have actually lost population.

What is happening that fewer people want to live in the greatest place there is to live? Political historian Michael Barone most know, as the author of “The Almanac of American Politics,” recently explained that this “can be chalked up to Woodstock-era migrants — Bernie Sanders, Howard Dean. They’ve liberalized the state’s culture and politics, so with the state’s high taxes and stringent environmental bans, no one is following.”

Indeed, beyond the direct government forays into our paychecks, Green Mountain Power customers will see a 5 percent rate increase due to progressive, renewable energy policies, and the Green Mountain Care Board approved a 9 percent increase for Blue Cross Blue Shield health insurance, no thanks to a phalanx of progressive-minded health care laws — including the one that created the same Green Mountain Care Board supposedly to rein in costs!

So given the true challenges facing our state, it is a bit frustrating to see the Legislature immediately take up, of all things, the legalization of marijuana, passing the bill before even reading the study they ordered last year. After that, it’s more items off the same menu of failed ideas. House and Senate leaders proclaimed their priorities will be to increase our already high minimum wage to $15 an hour, and to pass a government-run, government-mandated paid family leave insurance program that is so attractive on its own merits that proponents admit if people weren’t forced to participate, no one would buy it.

Does anybody really think these measures are going to solve any of the serious problems facing Vermont? Rather than waste time trying to determine which next big government bell or whistle is the one that will finally cause the population tide to rise, why not figure out what it is you’re already doing to scare people off. Then stop. If we want to turn our state around, that means by definition we will actually have to change direction.

– Rob Roper is president of the Ethan Allen Institute.

{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

Donna February 2, 2018 at 4:28 pm

Very informative article….thank you Rob. I am so happy I found this website. If everyone in Vermont would just look at how the people we elect to “speak” for us were voting on bills, maybe they would think twice before reelecting them. Vermont gov’t leaders seem to not take into account the negative impact when they vote for no reason other than to go against President Trump. A good example of this is the Climate Change Bill H.R. 15, which was passed even though it is going to cripple Vermont taxpayers.
It seems that VT is on a fast pace to no return.


Keith Stern February 4, 2018 at 3:02 pm

So what can be done about our high taxes? We can take a hard line against wasteful spending and treat every dollar collected as one that someone worked to earn. Because in fact we have! As governor I will set a very strict limit for government spending. My initial goal will be one hundred million dollars in spending cuts. Is the goal set too high? Possibly but if the goal is lowered than my staff will be less apt to look for all savings possible which can add up quickly.
The Agency of Education costs taxpayers ten million dollars a year without one student being educated because of it. Let’s cut it back to a bare bones agency that connects the federal department of education with local school districts. I will direct a staff member to work with individual school districts to find maximum efficiencies that can save us hundreds of millions in property tax savings.
Vermont Health Connect costs the taxpayers thirty million a year and its principle goal is to get lower income families into insurance policies with extremely high deductibles. Let’s replace it with a much better system.
Let’s face facts, vehicle registration is simply a tax. We need tax revenue to maintain our roads and bridges, that’s a given. So when someone purchases a vehicle they pay the purchase and use tax and the registration fee. After the initial year the tax can be collected through the tax department once a year. With the new integrated computer system the DMV can enter the amount of vehicles each person owns and the tax department does the billing. Simple, easy, and no lines. There would be less employees in the DMV processing renewals so while revenue would stay constant more money would be available for road and bridge maintenance.
My staff and I are communicating with a health share organization that could provide health insurance for state employees and educators that could save taxpayers tens of millions of dollars and be available to Vermont families as well to save them money.
Why should we be paying any extra money in taxes than absolutely? The answer is of course, we shouldn’t.


Stuart Lindberg February 5, 2018 at 3:05 am

The United States Department of Education is an unconstitutional organization which the state is under no obligation to take direction. The Federal government has no delegated constitutional powers regarding education, public or private. The only effective solution to lowering the cost of education and improving student performance is to allow for full school choice and return control of education to locally elected school boards.

Similarly, opening up Vermont’s borders to health insurance providers and allowing for a free market in health care would lower prices and improve both quantity and quality of health service.


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The Ethan Allen Institute is Vermont’s free-market public policy research and education organization. Founded in 1993, we are one of fifty-plus similar but independent state-level, public policy organizations around the country which exchange ideas and information through the State Policy Network.

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